Understanding Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It typically starts with the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not removed through proper oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing, plaque can harden into tartar, which irritates the gums and leads to inflammation. Over time, the infection can progress, causing damage to the gums, bone, and even tooth loss.


Causes of Gum Disease:

Several factors contribute to the development of gum disease:

Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque to build up, leading to gum inflammation.

Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco increases the risk of gum disease and can impair the healing process.

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to gum disease.

Genetics: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to gum disease, making them more susceptible to the condition.

Certain Medications: Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives and antidepressants, can affect oral health and increase the risk of gum disease.

Common Symptoms of Gum Disease:

Recognizing the signs of gum disease is crucial for early detection and treatment. Watch out for the following symptoms:

 Red, swollen, or tender gums

 Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing

 Receding gums or teeth appearing longer

 Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth

 Loose or shifting teeth

 Changes in your bite or the way your teeth fit together

Treatment Options:

The treatment for gum disease depends on the severity and progression of the condition. Early-stage gum disease, known as gingivitis, can often be reversed with professional dental cleanings and improved oral hygiene practices at home. In more advanced cases, the following treatments may be recommended:

• Scaling and Root Planing: This deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gumline, and smoothes the tooth roots to prevent bacteria from reattaching.

• Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to control bacterial infections and promote healing.

• Gum Surgery: Advanced gum disease may require surgical intervention to remove diseased tissue, reshape the gums, or regenerate lost bone structure.

Prevention is Key:

Preventing gum disease starts with a consistent oral hygiene routine. Follow these tips to maintain healthy gums:

1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.

2. Floss daily to remove plaque from between your teeth and along the gumline.

3. Rinse with an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce bacteria.

4. Maintain a balanced diet and limit sugary snacks and beverages.

5. Schedule regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings.


Gum disease is a common yet preventable oral health issue that can have serious consequences if left untreated. By understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and adopting good oral hygiene practices, you can maintain healthy gums and preserve your beautiful smile. Remember, early detection and timely treatment are essential for preventing the progression of gum disease. Stay committed to your oral health, and consult your dentist if you notice any signs of gum disease. Your smile deserves the best care!

Schedule an appointment at today! Visit https://molars.co.ke/appointment or text “GUM” to 24714 for a call back from one of our doctors. Contact us via email at wecare@molars.co.ke, or call us on

Nairobi CBD Branch: 0751856900

Hurlingum Branch: 0796856900

Mombasa Branch: 0715856900

Visit any of our branches conveniently located in Nairobi and Mombasa. Our Executive Lounge is located in Hurlingam -along Lenana Road next to the Poisons Board and our other branch is in the CBD, Electricity House, 12th Floor and Mombasa, Nyali Centre Mall 2nd Floor,Along Mombasa-Malindi Highway. Remember, investing in your oral health is an investment in your overall well-being.